Fed’s Flow of Funds: Household Net Worth Decreased $1.3 Trillion in Q3

The Federal Reserve released the Q3 2023 Flow of Funds report today: Financial Accounts of the United States.

The net worth of households and nonprofits fell to
$151.0 trillion during the third quarter of 2023. The
value of directly and indirectly held corporate equities
decreased $1.7 trillion and the value of real estate
increased $0.5 trillion.

Household debt increased 2.5 percent at an annual rate
in the third quarter of 2023. Consumer credit grew at an
annual rate of 1.1 percent, while mortgage debt
(excluding charge-offs) grew at an annual rate of 2.5

Household Net Worth as Percent of GDP Click on graph for larger image.

The first graph shows Households and Nonprofit net worth as a percent of GDP.  

Net worth decreased $1.3 trillion in Q3 from an all-time high in Q2.  As a percent of GDP, net worth decreased in Q3, and is below the peak in 2021.
This includes real estate and financial assets (stocks, bonds, pension reserves, deposits, etc.) net of liabilities (mostly mortgages). Note that this does NOT include public debt obligations.

Household Percent EquityThe second graph shows homeowner percent equity since 1952.

Household percent equity (as measured by the Fed) collapsed when house prices fell sharply in 2007 and 2008.

In Q3 2023, household percent equity (of household real estate) was at 74.2% – up from 73.1% in Q2, 2023. This is close to the highest percent equity since the 1960s.

Note: This includes households with no mortgage debt.

Household Real Estate Assets Percent GDP The third graph shows household real estate assets and mortgage debt as a percent of GDP.  

Mortgage debt increased by $85 billion in Q3.

Mortgage debt is up $2.23 trillion from the peak during the housing bubble, but, as a percent of GDP is at 46.8% – down from Q2 – and down from a peak of 73.3% of GDP during the housing bust.

The value of real estate, as a percent of GDP, decreased in Q3 – but is below the peak in Q3 2022 – but is well above the average of the last 30 years.