- Today marks the start of the UN’s two-week biodiversity conference
- Protecting and restoring biodiversity is essential for the smooth functioning of the natural world
- The connection between healthy levels of biodiversity and a strong economy is increasingly clear
UN’s First Biodiversity Conference
Today, representatives from worldwide governments, business leaders, scientists and academics descend upon Montreal for the UN’s 15th biodiversity conference (COP15).
The aim is to agree a set of actions to halt and reverse the loss of biodiversity – that is, the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and micro-organisms that make up the natural world. It’s caused by a range of factors, including over-exploitation of resources, habitat destruction, pollution, and climate change.
The loss of biodiversity could have serious consequences for the functioning of natural systems and the long-term sustainability of the planet.
Biodiversity is quickly rising up the agenda for investors. Many of the products and services that drive economic growth are derived from the natural world, so the loss of biodiversity could have serious economic impacts.
The impact of biodiversity loss might expend further than you would think too. For example, a loss of biodiversity in forests can affect the productivity of these ecosystems, leading to reduced timber yields.
This would have knock-on impacts for industries like construction and energy, and affect the production of things like paper, furniture and firewood. Forests also help to moderate the climate by locking in carbon dioxide, support food supplies, and provide important cultural and recreational value – all of this could be compromised by biodiversity loss.
It’s more important than ever to consider the impact of biodiversity loss on the companies you invest in, and what plans those companies have to avert the worst effects. If you invest in funds, you should make sure they’re run by managers that consider the impact biodiversity loss could have on the funds’ investments.
Article by Dominic Rowles, Lead ESG Analyst, Hargreaves Lansdown